.. , .. . ( ). . 2005 .


2.

Borrelia . (A. Borrel). Borrelia Spirochaetaceae ( Spirochaetaceae), , , : Treponema Leptospira. Borrelia :

1) : B. recurrentis, B. duttoni, B. parkeri, B. turicatae, B. hermsii, B. miyamotoi sp. nov . .;

2) -: B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, B. garinii, B. afzelii, B. usitanie, B. valaisiana, B. andersonii, B. bissettii, B. japonica, B. tanukii, B. turdi, B. inica. 11 B. burgdorferi sensu lato [1822]. - 30 44% [23], , B. burgdorferi sensu lato, 48 70% [19].

: B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, B. garinii, B. afzelii. B. burgdorferi sensu lato, , [18, 24]. , , B. burgdorferi sensu lato, , . , , B. bissettii- 14S [19, 25, 26]. DN127 (B. bissettii) - [27]. B. lusitaniae, , , B. burgdorferi sensu stricto N40 [28]. () , B. valaisiana - [19]. .

- [29]. , [18, 29]. . B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, , , . B. garinii B. afzelii , [18, 24, 2931]. [39]. , .

- , B. burgdorferi sensu stricto , , XV , , [19]. - : , [3235]. B. burgdorferi sensu lato, [36], , [33].

- (, , . .). , 69 100 . . 160 100 . [37]. 111 100 . [38]. 130 100 . , , [18].

[39, 40]. , 7 9 [41]. ( ) ( ), . , , . , , , , , , , , , [41].

, B. garinii B. afzelii. , , B. valaisiana B. lusitaniae, 2000 . B. burgdorferi sensu stricto [2, 39, 40, 42]. , B. burgdorferi sensu lato . [51].

850 , : , , [43]. , 30 , , . -. [18, 43].

, . ( ), , , ( ) [40].

(Ixodes damini) 1977 [11]. . Ixodes ricinus Ixodes persulcatus, I. scapularis[18]. Ixodidea, [18]. B. afzelii Aedes vexans [44].

, B. burgdorferi, . , -, Ixodes 10 90% [18, 24]. (), [18, 47].

-, . : , , , , , [18, 24, 45]. , , B. burgdorferi, [46].

-

[48]. -, Ixodes ricinus, : Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Babesia microti ( ) Anaplasma phagocytophila ( ), [49, 50]. . (I. ricinus I. scapularis), B. burgdorferi, ( 9 47%), , B. burgdorferi sensu lato, A. phagocytophila ( 0 26%, 10%). 2% B. burgdorferi sensu lato Babesia microti [43]. , - .


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